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Flavobacterium sepsis outbreak due to contaminated distilled water in a neonatal intensive care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21316811     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Outbreaks of sepsis due to water or contaminated equipment can cause significant mortality and morbidity in neonatal intensive care units. We studied an outbreak among neonates caused by flavobacterium and investigated the characteristics of the infected neonates, antimicrobial susceptibilities, and the source of the outbreak. Forty-five neonates with documented flavobacterium sepsis were evaluated in this descriptive study. Data including sex, vaginal delivery or caesarean, preterm or term, birth weight, results of blood cultures and antibiograms were recorded and cases followed up until death or recovery. Environmental sampling for detecting the source of contamination was performed. Among the 45 patients, 28 (62.2%) were male and 17 (37.8%) female (P<0.001). The commonest clinical manifestation was respiratory distress (60%). Eighteen neonates (40%) were low birth weight. Thirty-seven neonates (82.2%) were born via caesarean section. Twenty (44.4%) of them were preterm whereas 25 (55.6%) were term (P<0.001). Mortality was 17.7%. All strains were resistant to ampicillin, and susceptible to amikacin. The source of outbreak was contaminated distilled water.
Authors:
Z Mosayebi; A H Movahedian; T Soori
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of hospital infection     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2939     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8007166     Medline TA:  J Hosp Infect     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 The Hospital Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neonatalogy, Arash Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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