Document Detail

Flattening of the cornea after collagen crosslinking for keratoconus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21782091     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
PURPOSE: To identify preoperative parameters that may predict flattening of the keratoconic cornea after collagen crosslinking (CXL).
SETTING: Institut für Refraktive und Ophthalmo-Chirurgie (IROC), Zurich, Switzerland.
DESIGN: Cohort study.
METHODS: Patients with verified progressive primary keratectasia received standard corneal CXL. Factors such as corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) and Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam) were used to follow the evolution from preoperatively to 12 months after CXL. Statistical analysis included U tests and Spearman rank correlation tests to detect risk factors for flattening of the keratoconus.
RESULTS: The study enrolled 151 eyes of 151 patients; more than 80% completed the 12-month follow-up. The flattening rate (flattening of the maximum curvature >1.00 diopter [D]) was 37.7%. A preoperative maximum keratometry (K) reading of more than 54.00 D was identified as the only significant risk factor for this effect (odds ratio, 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-3.51). A restriction to corneas with a maximum K value greater than 54.00 D would have resulted in a significant flattening in 51% of the cases.
CONCLUSIONS: Statistically significant flattening occurred during 1 year after CXL in more than 50% of cases when the preoperative maximum K reading was more than 54.00 D. None of the other preoperative parameters evaluated (eg, age, sex, diagnosis, CDVA, corneal shape factors) had a statistically significant impact on corneal flattening after CXL.
FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.
Tobias Koller; Bojan Pajic; Paolo Vinciguerra; Theo Seiler
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cataract and refractive surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1873-4502     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cataract Refract Surg     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8604171     Medline TA:  J Cataract Refract Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1488-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.
From Institut für Refraktive und Ophthalmo-Chirurgie (IROC) (Koller, Pajic, Seiler), Zürich, Switzerland, and Istituto Clinico Humanitas di Rozzano (Vinciguerra), Milano, Italy.
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