Document Detail

Flap prefabrication: effectiveness of different vascular carriers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8883729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A new experimental model of a vascular carrier to prefabricate a "secondary" island flap, the popliteal musculovascular pedicle, was developed in the rat. Using quantitative skin-surface fluorometry 30 minutes after sodium fluorescein injection and a flap survival area in the prefabricated 8 x 2.5-cm abdominal composite island flap, we compared the revascularization ability of our muscular carrier to nonrevascularized controls: the skeletonized arteriovenous pedicle and the fasciovascular pedicle. The free composite graft with no vascular carrier exhibited near-total necrosis. The skeletonized vascular pedicle demonstrated 15.2% +/- 7.8% perfusion of normal skin on dye fluorescence index measurements and 50% flap survival. The fasciovascular pedicle exhibited better revascularization, with a dye fluorescence index of 36.2 +/- 15.5 (p < 0.01) and 90% +/- 10% flap survival (p < 0.001). India ink injection study and histological examination of our model provided visual evidence of revascularization from the musculovascular pedicle, along with preservation of the carrier's muscular architecture. The musculovascular pedicle is a reliable carrier for making new, vascularized composite flaps.
K C Tark; R E Tuchler; W W Shaw
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of plastic surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  0148-7043     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Plast Surg     Publication Date:  1996 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-29     Completed Date:  1997-01-29     Revised Date:  2003-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7805336     Medline TA:  Ann Plast Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-304     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Yonsei University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Abdomen / surgery
Muscle, Skeletal / surgery
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Surgical Flaps*
Transplantation, Autologous

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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