Document Detail

Five cases of arsine poisoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6093678     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Arsine is one of the most potent haemolytic agents found in industry. Four workers presented with abdominal pain, jaundice and passing tea-coloured urine. A fifth worker also passed dark urine but had no other symptoms. Investigation revealed that all five workers were from a tin smelting plant where they were involved in mixing tin ore with dross. They were exposed to arsine gas after mixing a particularly large quantity of dross with tin ore which was wet because of rain. Three of the cases developed renal impairment and also a mild sensory neuropathy. All survived with proper management in hospital which included exchange blood transfusions, and peritoneal dialysis where indicated. Prevention of such poisoning includes keeping dross away from all moisture, good ventilation in work areas, and adding dross directly to the furnace.
W H Phoon; M O Chan; C H Goh; R P Edmondson; Y K Kwek; S L Gan; S J Ngui; S F Kwok
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore     Volume:  13     ISSN:  0304-4602     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.     Publication Date:  1984 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-12-11     Completed Date:  1984-12-11     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503289     Medline TA:  Ann Acad Med Singapore     Country:  SINGAPORE    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  394-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Anemia, Hemolytic / chemically induced
Arsenic Poisoning*
Kidney Failure, Acute / chemically induced
Occupational Diseases / chemically induced*
Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / chemically induced
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Arsenicals; 7440-31-5/Tin; 7784-42-1/arsine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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