Document Detail


Five-factor model personality disorder prototypes in a community sample: self- and informant-reports predicting interview-based DSM diagnoses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22200006     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The need for an empirically validated, dimensional system of personality disorders is becoming increasingly apparent. While a number of systems have been investigated in this regard, the five-factor model of personality has demonstrated the ability to adequately capture personality pathology. In particular, the personality disorder prototypes developed by Lynam and Widiger (2001) have been tested in a number of samples. The goal of the present study is to extend this literature by validating the prototypes in a large, representative community sample of later middle-aged adults using both self and informant reports. We found that the prototypes largely work well in this age group. Schizoid, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, and Avoidant personality disorders demonstrate good convergent validity, with a particularly strong pattern of discriminant validity for the latter four. Informant-reported prototypes show similar patterns to self reports for all analyses. This demonstrates that informants are not succumbing to halo representations of the participants, but are rather describing participants in nuanced ways. It is important that informant reports add significant predictive validity for Schizoid, Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, and Narcissistic personality disorders. Implications of our results and directions for future research are discussed.
Authors:
Erin M Lawton; Andrew J Shields; Thomas F Oltmanns
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Personality disorders     Volume:  2     ISSN:  1949-2723     ISO Abbreviation:  Personal Disord     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-02     Completed Date:  2012-09-11     Revised Date:  2014-09-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101517071     Medline TA:  Personal Disord     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders*
Epidemiologic Methods
Family
Female
Friends
Humans
Interview, Psychological
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological*
Personality / classification*
Personality Disorders / classification,  diagnosis*,  epidemiology
Personality Inventory / standards,  statistics & numerical data*
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
MH077840/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH077840/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH077840-04/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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