Document Detail


Fitness profile of elite Croatian female taekwondo athletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16117305     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the study was to assess fitness profile of elite Croatian female taekwondo athletes and to determine which physical, physiological and motor characteristics differentiate mostly the successful from the less successful fighters. Thirteen national taekwondo champions were divided into two groups according to their senior international competitive achievements. Physiological characteristics, including maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), were assessed during a continuous progressive treadmill test. The measured motor abilities included explosive and elastic leg strength, maximal strength, muscular endurance, anaerobic alactic power, agility and flexibility. Differences between the successful and less successful athletes were determined using independent t-test. Even though the differences were not statistically significant, the successful athletes had somewhat less fat (2.3%) and were taller by 5.8 cm. The successful athletes achieved significantly higher maximum running speed (15.8 +/- 0.5 versus 14.9 +/- 0. 7 km h(-1); p < 0.05), their ventilatory anaerobic threshold was significantly higher (41.4 +/- 4.1 versus 37.6 +/- 2.0 ml kg(-1) min(-1); p < 0.05) at a significantly lower heart rate (166.8 +/- 6.8 versus 171.0 +/- 8.2 beats min(-1); p < 0.05) than in the less successful athletes. Significant differences were also found in three tests of explosive power (p < 0.05), anaerobic alactic power (p < 0.01), and lateral agility (p < 0.05). The performance of taekwondo female athletes primarily depends on the anaerobic alactic power, explosive power expressed in the stretch-shortening cycle movements, agility and aerobic power.
Authors:
Goran Marković; Marjeta Misigoj-Duraković; Slavko Trninić
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Collegium antropologicum     Volume:  29     ISSN:  0350-6134     ISO Abbreviation:  Coll Antropol     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-24     Completed Date:  2005-09-13     Revised Date:  2009-02-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003354     Medline TA:  Coll Antropol     Country:  Croatia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  93-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia. goran.markovic2@zg.htnet.hr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Croatia
Female
Humans
Martial Arts*
Motor Skills
Oxygen Consumption
Physical Fitness*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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