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Fish consumption and risk of stroke and its subtypes: accumulative evidence from a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23031847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To provide a reliable assessment of the hypothesized association of fish consumption with stroke risk accumulatively, an updated meta-analysis of published prospective cohort studies was conducted.SUBJECTS/METHODS:Prospective cohort studies through April 2012 in peer-reviewed journals indexed in MEDLINE and EMBASE were selected. Additional information was retrieved through Google or a search of the reference list in relevant articles. The main outcome measure was the weighted hazards ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for incident stroke according to fish consumption using a random-effects model.RESULTS:A database was derived from 16 eligible studies (19 cohorts), including 402 127 individuals (10 568 incident cases) with an average 12.8 years of follow-up. Compared with those who never consumed fish or ate fish <1/month, the pooled adjusted HRs of total stroke risk were 0.97 (95% CI, 0.87-1.08), 0.86 (0.80-0.93), 0.91 (0.85-0.98) and 0.87 (0.79-0.96) for those who consumed fish 1-3/month, 1/week, 2-4/week and 5/week, respectively (P(linear trend)=0.09; P(nonlinear trend)=0.02). Study location was a modifier. An inverse association between fish intake and stroke incidence was only found by studies conducted in North America. The modest inverse associations were more pronounced with ischemic stroke and were attenuated with hemorrhagic stroke.CONCLUSIONS:Accumulated evidence generated from this meta-analysis suggests that fish intake may have a protective effect against the risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 3 October 2012; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2012.133.
Authors:
P Xun; B Qin; Y Song; Y Nakamura; T Kurth; S Yaemsiri; L Djousse; K He
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5640     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Department of Nutrition, Gillings Schools of Global Public Health and School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA [2] Department of Epidemiology, Gillings Schools of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
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