Document Detail

Fish consumption and reproductive outcomes in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1425509     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Prenatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and reproductive outcome was determined in a population of 1112 women during 1987-1989. The women studied were from the Green Bay, Wisconsin area, thereby providing a population with potential PCB exposure from Lake Michigan sport fish consumption. All women with positive pregnancy tests from two Green Bay prenatal clinics were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire on fish consumption, health and reproductive history, and other relevant issues and to provide blood samples for PCB analysis. A positive correlation was found between the amount of Lake Michigan fish mothers claimed to consume and their PCB serum levels. After the pregnancy period, reproductive outcome measures (fetal wastage; stillbirths; and birth weight, birth length, head circumference, ponderal index, and birth weight percentiles for live births) were abstracted from hospital labor reports. Typical negative associations between birth size measures and consumption of caffeine, smoking, and alcohol were found. Birth size was positively associated with gestational age, birth order, weight gain during pregnancy, male babies, and rural residence. Birth size was also associated with PCB exposure; however contrary to expectations, a positive association was found (P < 0.044) for most mothers (the exception being those mothers who gained more than 34 lb during their pregnancy). PCB exposures were lower than the other studies that found that birth size was negatively associated with PCB exposure.
E Dar; M S Kanarek; H A Anderson; W C Sonzogni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental research     Volume:  59     ISSN:  0013-9351     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Res.     Publication Date:  1992 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-12-22     Completed Date:  1992-12-22     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147621     Medline TA:  Environ Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  189-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53705.
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MeSH Terms
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
Birth Weight
Caffeine / adverse effects
Fish Products / adverse effects*
Gestational Age
Polychlorinated Biphenyls / adverse effects,  blood
Pregnancy Outcome / epidemiology*
Smoking / adverse effects
Wisconsin / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Polychlorinated Biphenyls; 58-08-2/Caffeine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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