Document Detail


Fish oil, but not soy bean or olive oil enriched infusion decreases histopathological severity of acute pancreatitis in rats without affecting eicosanoid synthesis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20963474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Different dietary fatty acids affect eicosanoid metabolism in different ways, thus influencing the pro- and anti-inflammatory balance of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. Therefore, we analyzed the impact of [n-3], [n-6], and [n-9] fatty acids on eicosanoid metabolism and histopathology in acute pancreatitis in rats. Seventy-five male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into five groups (n = 15). Group 1 underwent only laparotomy, while in groups, 2-5 pancreatitis was induced. Groups 1 and 2 were then given saline infusion, groups 3-5 received fat emulsion (group 3: rich in [n-6], group 4: rich in [n-9], group 5: rich in [n-3] fatty acids) for another 18 h. Infusion rich in [n-3] fatty acids significantly decreased histopathological severity of pancreatitis, compared to all other groups. There was no difference concerning the concentrations of prostaglandins and leukotrienes between all groups. Parenteral infusion rich in [n-3] fatty acids reduced histopathological severity of acute pancreatitis in rats without changing eicosanoid metabolism at the endpoint.
Authors:
Maik Kilian; Ina Heukamp; Ja Ilja Gregor; Ingolf Schimke; Glen Kristiansen; Frank Axel Wenger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inflammation     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1573-2576     ISO Abbreviation:  Inflammation     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600105     Medline TA:  Inflammation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  597-602     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of General, Visceral, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery (Prof. Dr. J.M. Müller), Charité Campus Mitte, Humboldt-University of Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany, maik.kilian@charite.de.
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