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First trimester tricuspid regurgitation and fetal abnormalities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24799402     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Background: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common sonographic finding during the fetal life. It has been reported in 7% of normal fetuses. It may be associated with aneuploidy and with both cardiac and extracardiac defects. Objectives: In this study, we have looked at the characteristics of fetuses with and without TR at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks' gestation. Groups were compared with respect to the following variables: prevalence of chromosomal defects; other markers of aneuploidy; fetal cardiac; and extracardiac anomalies. Methods: The study group included women, who underwent an ultrasound examination at 11-13+6 weeks' gestation between 2009 and 2012. The inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancies with crown-rump length measurements of 45-84 mm where the pregnancy outcome was known. Results: Some 1075 patients met our inclusion criteria including 979 fetuses without TR and 96 with TR. There were 72 cases of aneuploidy diagnosed (6.7%). Isolated TR was found in 53 euploid fetuses (5.2%). All of the TR(+) aneuploid fetuses (n=40) had additional ultrasound markers present. Extracardiac anatomy showed a higher prevalence of abnormalities in the group of TR positives (12.5%) vs. TR negatives (1.6%). Abnormal cardiac findings were more frequent in the TR-positive group independently of chromosomal status and were found in 18.8% of fetuses with TR and in 1.9% with a normal tricuspid flow. Conclusions: TR in combination with other markers is the strongest predictor for aneuploidy. TR, as an isolated parameter, is a poor screening tool both for all and for each individual chromosomal abnormality and congenital cardiac defects.
Authors:
Marcin Wiechec; Agnieszka Nocun; Ewa Wiercinska; Jill Beithon; Anna Knafel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of perinatal medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1619-3997     ISO Abbreviation:  J Perinat Med     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0361031     Medline TA:  J Perinat Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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