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First-trimester maternal serum vitamin D and mode of delivery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22360844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Low maternal vitamin D levels have been associated with adverse pregnancy outcome. A recent study has suggested that low maternal vitamin D levels at the time of delivery are also associated with an almost fourfold increase in caesarean section risk. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is a difference in maternal serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels at 11-13 weeks' gestation according to the mode of delivery. Maternal serum 25(OH)D levels were measured at 11-13 weeks' gestation in 995 singleton pregnancies resulting in the birth of phenotypically normal neonates at term. The measured 25(OH)D levels were adjusted for maternal age, BMI, racial origin, smoking, method of conception and season of blood testing, and the adjusted levels (multiple of the median; MoM) were compared between those who subsequently delivered vaginally and those that delivered by caesarean section. Delivery was vaginal in 79·6 % of cases, by emergency caesarean section in 11·6 % and by elective caesarean section in 8·8 %. The median 25(OH)D level in our population was 46·82 (interquartile range (IQR) 27·75-70·13) nmol/l. The adjusted maternal median 25(OH)D levels in the emergency and elective caesarean section groups (0·99, IQR 0·71-1·46 MoM and 0·96, IQR 0·73-1·27 MoM, respectively) were not significantly different from the vaginal delivery group (0·99, IQR 0·71-1·33 MoM; P = 0·53 and P = 0·81, respectively). First-trimester maternal serum 25(OH)D levels are similar between women who subsequently have a vaginal delivery and those who deliver by elective or emergency caesarean section.
Authors:
Makrina D Savvidou; Mahlatse Makgoba; Pedro T Castro; Ranjit Akolekar; Kypros H Nicolaides
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1475-2662     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-4     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Academic Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Imperial College School of Medicine, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital, 369 Fulham Road, London SW10 9NH, UK.
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