Document Detail

First evidence of bacterial biofilms in the anaerobe part of scalp hair follicles: a pilot comparative study in folliculitis decalvans.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22779760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background  The cause of folliculitis decalvans (FD) remains unknown. We hypothesized that a bacterial biofilm could be involved in its pathogenesis. Objective  To assess the presence or not of a bacterial biofilm in the hair roots of the scalp in FD. Patients and methods  Hairs plucked from four patients and three controls were examined by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Results  Bacterial communities organized as biofilms were observed both by FESEM and CLSM in the under infundibular part of hair follicles in all patients and in two of the three controls. In patients and controls, these biofilms were formed exclusively of bacilli of comparable shapes. Conclusion  This pilot study provides the first evidence of the presence of bacterial biofilms in the infra infundibular part of human scalp hair follicles. These biofilms were detected both in FD patients and controls, suggesting their ubiquity as a commensal biofilm with a possible pathogenic shift in FD.
B Matard; T Meylheuc; R Briandet; I Casin; P Assouly; B Cavelier-Balloy; P Reygagne
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-3083     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9216037     Medline TA:  J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 The Authors. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology © 2012 European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.
Centre Sabouraud, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France INRA, UMR 1319 MICALIS, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France AgroParisTech, UMR MICALIS, F-78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France Policlinique Hôpital Saint-Louis, Paris, France.
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