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First branchial cleft fistula presenting with internal opening on the Eustachian tube: Illustrated cases and literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22341630     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: Two cases of first branchial cleft fistula with internal opening on the Eustachian tube are reported and the diagnosis, management and embryological hypothesis are discussed. DESIGN: Retrospective study and review of the literature. RESULTS: Both patients were young boys with first branchial cleft anomaly clearly identified by computed tomography fistulography scan and direct Methylene Blue dye injection. In both cases, surgical removal revealed a fistula with internal opening located on the Eustachian tube near the nasopharynx. DISCUSSION: The main embryological theories and classification are reviewed. A connection between the theories of first branchial apparatus development and the classification by Work might explain the reported clinical association.
Yuhe Liu; Tiancheng Li; Junfang Xue; Jun Jia; Shuifang Xiao; Enmin Zhao
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8464     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003603     Medline TA:  Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.
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