Document Detail

First Trimester Fetal Echocardiography: Which Planes and Defects can be Displayed During the Daily Routine in a Prenatal Medicine Unit?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21809237     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to evaluate which cardiac planes and malformations can be visualized by first trimester fetal echocardiography during the daily routine in a prenatal medicine unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2007 to June 2009, all fetuses with a crown rump length between 45 and 84 mm were included in the study. The fetal echocardiographies were carried out by one examiner. The entire examination including fetal echocardiography was completed within a time interval of 30 minutes. When possible, the abdominal plane, 4-chamber view (CV), pulmonary veins, left ventricular outflow tract, 3-vessel view (3-VV) and the aortic arch were visualized by color Doppler and/or power Doppler sonography. RESULTS: 690 fetuses were enrolled in the retrospective study. The abdominal plane, 4-CV, pulmonary veins, left ventricular outflow tract, 3-VV and the aortic arch were visualized in 99 %, 96 %, 23 %, 97 %, 98 % and 72 % of cases, respectively. During the study interval, 17 cardiac malformations were diagnosed. Outcome data were obtained in 92 % of the normal fetuses. 5 cardiac anomalies were diagnosed beyond the first trimester. CONCLUSION: The standard planes of fetal echocardiography can be displayed in the first trimester in the clinical routine. Pulmonary veins can be visualized in almost a quarter of the cases. First trimester congenital heart diseases are strongly associated with chromosomal abnormalities during the first trimester.
M Krapp; A Ludwig; R Axt-Fliedner; P Kreiselmaier
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-1
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1438-8782     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303585     Medline TA:  Ultraschall Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  362-366     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Zentrum für Endokrinologie, Kinderwunsch und Pränatale Medizin, amedes Hamburg.
Vernacular Title:
Fetale Echokardiografie im ersten Trimenon: Welche Ebenen und Herzfehler lassen sich in der täglichen Routine einer pränatalmedizinischen Abteilung darstellen?
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