Document Detail

Firearm fatalities in the Transkei region of South Africa, 1993-2004.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16465358     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Firearms are a causative factor in much violence-related morbidity and mortality, including suicide. Interventions focus on stricter gun control. In South Africa multisectoral collaboration is needed in this regard.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of firearm-related deaths in the Transkei region and to understand the underlying causative factors.
METHOD: A record review was undertaken of 10,860 medicolegal autopsies performed between 1993 and 2004 at Umtata General Hospital.
RESULTS: Between 1993 and 2004 10,860 autopsies were performed on patients who died as a result of trauma and other causes at Umtata General Hospital. The average number of gunshot related-deaths during this period was 48.4 per 100,000 of the population per year. The rate increased from 27/100,000 in 1993 to 42/100,000 in 2004. Firearm-related deaths accounted for 29% of all traumatic deaths, and males (82%) outnumbered females 4.6:1, although there is an increasing incidence among females. About 50% of these deaths were in the 21-40-year age group. Interpersonal violence, poverty, and use of drugs and alcohol were common underlying factors.
CONCLUSION: There is a high incidence of firearm-related deaths in Transkei. Stricter gun control is required.
B L Meel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Retracted Publication    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2005 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-08     Completed Date:  2006-03-09     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  South Africa    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  963-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Homicide / statistics & numerical data
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution
Socioeconomic Factors
South Africa / epidemiology
Violence / statistics & numerical data
Wounds, Gunshot / mortality*
Retraction In:
S Afr Med J. 2009 Nov;99(11):772   [PMID:  20222207 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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