Document Detail

Fire and home range expansion: A behavioral response to burning among savanna dwelling vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24889076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The behavioral adaptations of primates to fire-modified landscapes are of considerable interest to anthropologists because fire is fundamental to life in the African savanna-the setting in which genus Homo evolved. Here we report the behavioral responses of a savanna-dwelling primate, vervet monkeys (Chlorocebus aethiops), to fire-induced ecological change. Using behavioral and spatial data to characterize ranging patterns prior to and postburn and between burn and nonburn years, we show that these primates inhabiting small, spatially bound, riverine habitats take advantage of newly burned savanna landscapes. When subjects encountered controlled fires, they did not flee but instead avoided the path of the fire seemingly unbothered by its approach. After fire, the primates' home range expanded into newly burned but previously unused areas. These results contribute to understanding the response of non-human primates to fire-modified landscapes and can shed light on the nature and scope of opportunities and constraints posed by the emergence of fire-affected landscapes in the past. Results also expose deficiencies in our knowledge of fire-related behavioral responses in the primate lineage and highlight the need for further investigation of these responses as they relate to foraging opportunities, migration, resource use, and especially fire-centric adaptations in our own genus. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Nicole M Herzog; Christopher H Parker; Earl R Keefe; James Coxworth; Alan Barrett; Kristen Hawkes
Related Documents :
14740936 - Perceptual and acoustic evaluation of individuals with laryngopharyngeal reflux pre- an...
16642846 - Monaural speech segregation using synthetic speech signals.
2756336 - Free-field sensitivity level of audiometric earphones to be used for speech audiometer ...
21781106 - Home range use and movement patterns of the yellow moray eel gymnothorax prasinus.
25242306 - Tactile frequency discrimination is enhanced by circumventing neocortical adaptation.
23585696 - Periodic bursts of jovian non-io decametric radio emission.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physical anthropology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-8644     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400654     Medline TA:  Am J Phys Anthropol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Au2 Sx /CdS Nanorods by Cation Exchange: Mechanistic Insights into the Competition Between Cation-Ex...
Next Document:  Examining the association between bullying and adolescent concerns about teen dating violence.