Document Detail

Fine structure and functional comments of mouthparts in Platypus cylindrus (Col., Curculionidae: Platypodinae).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23182681     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Oak pinhole borer, Platypus cylindrus is seen in recent years as one of the biggest enemies directly involved in the observed decline of cork oak in Mediterranean forests with all the economic implications. As an ambrosia beetle, it has developed its effective drilling mouthpart enough to make tunnels in hardwood of the tree. The fine structural aspects of the mouthpart using the field emission scanning electron microscopy are analyzed about 23 adults collected in galleries of infested cork oak trees (Quercus suber) in a littoral forest of northwest Algeria. These adults are preserved in alcohol 70%, cleaned and coated with gold. The mouthparts of this beetle consist commonly of a labrum, a pair of mandibles, a pair of maxillae and the labium but with adapted structure to excavate galleries in the hardwood. In this role is also involved the first pair of legs. The function that present the different structures related to the construction of the tunnels is discussed. Both of maxillary and labial palpi direct the food to the mouth and hold it while the mandibles chew the food. The distal ends of these palpi are flattened and have shovel-like setae. Females have larger maxillary palpi than males and this is related to the particular biology of each sex.
Latifa Belhoucine; Rachid T Bouhraoua; Eva Prats; Juli Pulade-Villar
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Micron (Oxford, England : 1993)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-4291     ISO Abbreviation:  Micron     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312850     Medline TA:  Micron     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
University of Tlemcen, Laboratory Conservation Management of Water, Soil and Forests, Algeria. Electronic address:
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