Document Detail

Findings of anomalous pulmonary venous return using MRI.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7858433     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study represents a preliminary retrospective assessment of the value of spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting and describing total or partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (APVR). MRI was performed in 21 cases of APVR; orthogonal planes were used in all. Of the 21 cases, 19 were classified as total APVR (TAPVR) and two were partial APVR (PAPVR). Of the 19 cases of TAPVR, seven supracardiac, nine cardiac, one infracardiac and two mixed type were noted. The detection rate of each pulmonary vein combined in all three planes was 57% in the right superior pulmonary vein (RSPV), 62% in the left superior pulmonary vein (LSPV), 76% in the right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV), and 86% in the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV). The axial plane was most effective (RSPV: 38%; LSPV: 52%; RIPV: 71%; LIPV: 81%). The coronal plane offered a better detection rate than the axial plane in RSPV (43%) and additional information of bronchial and visceral situs. Imaging of the combined axial and coronal planes was sufficient to evaluate each individual pulmonary vein. The sagittal plane gave no additional information in this respect. Accurate identification of pulmonary venous confluence and anomalous pulmonary venous channel was 95% (20/21). Limitation of echocardiography and and angiocardiography makes cardiac MRI important in assessing pulmonary vein and pulmonary venous confluence. It obviates the need for invasive angiocardiography and is an important supplement to an inadequate echo.
Y C Chang; Y W Li; H M Liu; T C Wang; J K Wang; M H Wu; C Y Wu; C T Su; Y M Tsang; J C Hsu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0929-6646     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Formos. Med. Assoc.     Publication Date:  1994 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-03-21     Completed Date:  1995-03-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214933     Medline TA:  J Formos Med Assoc     Country:  TAIWAN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  462-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Radiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, R.O.C.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Infant, Newborn
Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
Pulmonary Veins / abnormalities*,  pathology
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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