Document Detail

Fifty years of pacemaker advancements.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20559931     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A 1957 power blackout in Minnesota prompted C. Walton Lillehei, MD, a pioneer in open heart surgery, to ask Earl Bakken, the co-founder of Medtronic, Inc., to create a battery-operated pacemaker for pediatric patients. That conversation led to the development of the first external battery-operated pacemaker. That first bulky device is far removed from the tiny implantable computers available to heart patients today. Now, the size of two silver dollars stacked on top of one another, a pacemaker is prescribed for a person whose heart beats too slowly or pauses irregularly. Slightly larger devices have more recently evolved from pacing and regulating the heartbeat to being able to provide therapeutic high voltage shocks when needed to stop runaway fast heart rates, recording heart activity, and other physiologic functions, even resynchronizing the heart's chambers-all while providing information on the patient's condition and device performance to the doctor remotely or in the office.
David Steinhaus
Publication Detail:
Type:  Historical Article; Journal Article     Date:  2008-11-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular translational research     Volume:  1     ISSN:  1937-5395     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Transl Res     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-18     Completed Date:  2010-09-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101468585     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Transl Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
200 Parks Avenue Suite 404, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Arrhythmias, Cardiac / diagnosis,  therapy*
History, 20th Century
History, 21st Century
Pacemaker, Artificial / history*,  trends*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Innovations in the Development of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices with Defibrillation Capa...
Next Document:  Implantable cardiac rhythm device batteries.