Document Detail


The Fifth World Food Survey: an assessment of food supplies and malnutrition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3680827     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The methodology and findings of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's Fifth World Food Survey are reviewed. Data compiled from national food balance sheets indicate that per capita energy supplies increased by 14% during the past two decades. The number of undernourished is estimated for the periods 1969 to 1971 and 1979 to 1981 on the basis of a distribution of population food intakes and two alternative estimates of minimal energy requirements. The survey findings indicate that the proportion of undernourished in the developing market economies decreased, although an estimated 335 million to 494 million people fall in this category. In the least developed countries, the proportion of undernourished increased during this period. Elimination of poverty, the fundamental cause of malnutrition, through increased economic and agricultural development, is regarded as the only long-term solution to malnutrition. Short-term solutions are also needed to address interim needs and the diverse environmental, social, and cultural factors implicated in the causation of malnutrition. Short-term solutions include nutrition programs, complementary health measures, food subsidies, population programs, and programs aimed at improving the status of women. Projected future food needs in developing countries also indicate the need for increased international food trade and expanded foreign aid.
Authors:
C R Dichter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Dietetic Association     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0002-8223     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Diet Assoc     Publication Date:  1987 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-01-19     Completed Date:  1988-01-19     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503061     Medline TA:  J Am Diet Assoc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1668-72     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, Simmons College, Boston.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Developing Countries*
Food Supply*
Health Education
Health Surveys
Humans
Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology*,  etiology
Public Policy
United Nations

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