Document Detail


Fickian crossover and length scales from two point functions in supercooled liquids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16942296     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Particle motion of a Lennard-Jones supercooled liquid near the glass transition is studied by molecular dynamics simulations. We analyze the wave vector dependence of relaxation times in the incoherent self-scattering function and show that at least three different regimes can be identified and its scaling properties determined. The transition from one regime to another happens at characteristic length scales. The length scale associated with the onset of Fickian diffusion corresponds to the maximum size of heterogeneities in the system, and the characteristic time scale is several times larger than the alpha relaxation time. A second crossover length scale is observed, which corresponds to the typical time and length of heterogeneities, in agreement with results from four point functions. The different regimes can be traced back to the behavior of the van Hove distribution of displacements, which shows a characteristic exponential regime in the heterogeneous region before the crossover to Gaussian diffusion and should be observable in experiments. Our results show that it is possible to obtain characteristic length scales of heterogeneities through the computation of two point functions at different times.
Authors:
Daniel A Stariolo; Gabriel Fabricius
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of chemical physics     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0021-9606     ISO Abbreviation:  J Chem Phys     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-08-31     Completed Date:  2007-07-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375360     Medline TA:  J Chem Phys     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  64505     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, CP 15051, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brazil. stariolo@if.ufrgs.br
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