Document Detail

Fibroblast growth factor 23 and its receptors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16076372     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a circulating factor that plays critical roles in phosphate and vitamin D metabolism, as evidenced by the fact that FGF23 missense mutations cause autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets (ADHR). Autosomal dominant hypophosphatemic rickets is characterized by hypophosphatemia with inappropriately normal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D concentrations, as well as bone pain, fracture and rickets. This phenotype parallels that of patients with tumor induced osteomalacia (TIO), X-linked hypophosphatemic rickets (XLH), and fibrous dysplasia (FD), in whom elevated serum FGF23 levels are often observed. The fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFR1-4) play key roles in skeletal development, as well as in normal metabolic processes. Several FGFR isoforms that potentially mediate the activity of FGF23 have been implicated. In the short term, these findings will lead to further understanding of FGF23 function, and potentially in the long term, to targeted therapies in disorders of hypo- and hyperphosphatemia that involve FGF23.
Xijie Yu; Kenneth E White
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis : official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy     Volume:  9     ISSN:  1744-9979     ISO Abbreviation:  Ther Apher Dial     Publication Date:  2005 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-08-03     Completed Date:  2005-12-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101181252     Medline TA:  Ther Apher Dial     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  308-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medical and Molecular Genetics, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Fibroblast Growth Factors / genetics,  physiology*
Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / genetics
Homeostasis / physiology*
Hypophosphatemia / metabolism,  physiopathology
Mutation, Missense
Osteomalacia / etiology
Phosphates / metabolism*
Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor / physiology*
Rickets / metabolism
Vitamin D / metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Phosphates; 0/Receptors, Fibroblast Growth Factor; 0/fibroblast growth factor 23; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D; 62031-54-3/Fibroblast Growth Factors

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