Document Detail


Fibrinogen Concentration Significantly Decreases After On-Pump Versus Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Point-of-Care ROTEM Analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22995455     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Studies have emphasized the importance of normal fibrinogen concentrations in surgical patients. The primary hypothesis of this study was that fibrinogen levels significantly decrease in on-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery. The second objective was to show that ROTEM (TEM International, GmbH, Munich, Germany) rapidly detects these abnormalities compared with standard tests. DESIGN: A prospective, nonrandomized study. SETTING: A university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two and 62 patients in the CABG and OPCAB groups, respectively, undergoing first-time bypass surgery were included. INTERVENTIONS: CABG versus OPCAB surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Routine coagulation tests and ROTEM values were measured before anesthesia (T0), after the first dose of heparin (T1), after protamine (T2), upon intensive care unit arrival (T3), and 4 hours postoperatively (T4). The outcome measures were followed until 4 hours postoperatively. Fibrinogen concentrations were significantly lower in the CABG versus the OPCAB group at T2 (170 ± 44 v 243 ± 73 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and T3 (179 ± 42 v 232 ± 68 mg/dL, p < 0.001). This was confirmed by significantly lower FIBTEM maximal clot firmness values at T2 (9 ± 4 v 14 ± 5 mm, p < 0.001) and T3 (9 ± 4 v 13 ± 6 mm, p < 0.001). In the CABG group, patients received significantly more transfusions of all blood products except fresh frozen plasma. CONCLUSIONS: Fibrinogen concentration significantly decreases after cardiopulmonary bypass. ROTEM helps in its fast detection.
Authors:
Mona Momeni; Cécile Carlier; Philippe Baele; Christine Watremez; Michel Van Dyck; Amine Matta; David Kahn; Marie-Thérèse Rennotte; David Glineur; Laurent de Kerchove; Luc-Marie Jacquet; Dominique Thiry; André Grégoire; Stéphane Eeckhoudt; Cédric Hermans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology, Université Catholique de Louvain, Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: mona.momeni@uclouvain.be.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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