Document Detail


Fibre digestibility in large herbivores as related to digestion type and body mass - an in vitro approach.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23103671     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The coexistence of different ungulate species in a given ecosystem has been the focus of many studies. Differences between ruminant foregut fermenters and hindgut fermenters were remarkable for example in the way they ingest and digest high fibre diets. Digestion trials based on total collections are difficult to conduct or are sometimes even not possible for wild animals in the field or in zoos. To gain information on the fibre digestion achieved by these animals and the influence of body mass (BM) thereon, a method using spot sampling is desirable. In this study, in vitro fermentation of faecal neutral detergent fibre (NDF) was used as a measure of fibre digestion in large ungulates. Food and faecal samples of 10 ruminant foregut fermenting and 7 hindgut fermenting species/breeds were collected. All animals received 100% grass hay with ad libitum access. The NDF of food and faeces were fermented in vitro in a Hohenheim gas test (HGT) for 96h. The digestion type generally had an effect on the gas production (GP) of faecal NDF in the HGT with hindgut fermenters showing higher values than ruminant foregut fermenters. At any time interval of incubation, BM had no influence on GP. The results are in accordance with both, findings that ruminant foregut fermenters have longer mean retention times and more comprehensive particle reduction, and with findings of a lack of influence of BM on digesta mean retention time. It can be stated that the HGT (96h) is a useful and quick method to show also small differences within groups in fibre digestion.
Authors:
Patrick Steuer; Karl-Heinz Südekum; Dennis W H Müller; Jacques Kaandorp; Marcus Clauss; Jürgen Hummel
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1531-4332     ISO Abbreviation:  Comp. Biochem. Physiol., Part A Mol. Integr. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806096     Medline TA:  Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
Affiliation:
Institute of Animal Science, University of Bonn, Germany. Electronic address: pste@uni-bonn.de.
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