Document Detail


Fever in sickle cell disease patients in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24841634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hereditary blood disorder characterized by abnormal red blood cell shape (sickling). The incidence of the disease in the Kingdom of Bahrain is approximately 2.1%. Patients with SCD are prone to multiple health complications, some of which are fatal. A retrospective study was conducted at the Salmaniya Medical Complex in the Kingdom of Bahrain from June, 2012 to December, 2012 to assess the incidence of fever among the SCD in-patients at that institution. The study also assessed the antibiotics administered, type of organisms isolated and patient outcome. The results showed that a total of 59 patients developed fever and 33 of those with fever had a positive culture result (55.93%). The most common isolate was gram-positive bacteria, most commonly Staphylococcus epidermidis (42.86%), and ceftriaxone was the most commonly prescribed antimicrobial. In conclusion, there was a low rate of hospital acquired infection and special attention needs to be paid to the infection control measures for SCD patients. For most of the SCD fever cases, there was no clear cause of the fever even after extensive diagnostic evaluations; thus, those fevers may have been of a non-infectious etiology in this population. Fortunately, none of the patients had any of the common preventable infections as a result of the high vaccination coverage and strong vaccination program in place in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
Authors:
Jameela Al Salman; Rawan A Al Agha; Safa Al Taitoon; Amani Al Arrayed
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of infection and public health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1876-035X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Infect Public Health     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-20     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101487384     Medline TA:  J Infect Public Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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