Document Detail


Fetoplacental vascular tone during fetal circuit acidosis and acidosis with hypoxia in the ex vivo perfused human placental cotyledon.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9396899     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Our purpose was to determine the effects of acidosis and acidosis-hypoxia on fetoplacental perfusion pressure and its response to angiotensin II. STUDY DESIGN: Perfused cotyledons from 14 placentas were studied with either an acidotic fetal circuit perfusate (n = 7) or an acidotic-hypoxic fetal circuit perfusate (n = 7). Each cotyledon's fetal vasculature was initially perfused under standard conditions and bolus injected with 1 x 10(-10) moles of angiotensin II. Fetoplacental perfusate was then replaced with either an acidotic medium (pH 6.90 to 7.00 and Po2 516 to 613 mm Hg) or an acidotic-hypoxic medium (pH 6.90 to 7.00 and Po2 20 to 25 mm Hg) followed by an angiotensin II injection. The vasculature was subsequently recovered with standard perfusate and again injected with angiotensin II. Perfusion pressures within each group were compared by one-way analysis of variance, and results were expressed as mean pressure +/- SEM. RESULTS: Resting fetoplacental perfusion pressure did not change when the fetal circuit perfusate was made acidotic (28 +/- 1 mm Hg vs 25 +/- 2 mm Hg) or acidotic-hypoxic (26 +/- 2 mm Hg vs 25 +/- 2 mm Hg). The maximal fetoplacental perfusion pressure achieved in response to angiotensin II did not differ with an acidotic perfusate (41 +/- 2 mm Hg vs 38 +/- 1 mm Hg) or with an acidotic-hypoxic perfusate (39 +/- 2 mm Hg vs 36 +/- 2 mm Hg). CONCLUSIONS: In the perfused placental cotyledon fetoplacental perfusion pressure and pressor response to angiotensin II are not affected by fetal circuit acidosis or acidosis-hypoxia. This suggests that neither fetal acidosis nor fetal acidosis combined with hypoxia has a direct effect on fetoplacental vascular tone.
Authors:
N J Hoeldtke; P G Napolitano; K H Moore; B C Calhoun; R F Hume
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  177     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1997 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-12-29     Completed Date:  1997-12-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1088-92     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, Washington, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acidosis / physiopathology*
Angiotensin II / pharmacology
Blood Pressure
Female
Fetal Hypoxia / physiopathology*
Fetus / blood supply*
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Nitric Oxide / physiology
Perfusion
Placenta / blood supply*,  drug effects
Pregnancy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide; 11128-99-7/Angiotensin II

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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