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Feto-placental nitric oxide, asymmetric dimethylarginine and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and VEGF gene polymorphisms in severe preeclampsia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23039092     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Objective: To measure plasma nitric oxide (NO), asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and VEGF gene polymorphisms in fetal circulation in severe preeclampsia. Methods: Cord vessels of singleton gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia 36 weeks or more (n=31) and controls were sampled upon delivery for analyte measuring. Additionally, DNA was extracted from umbilical vein whole blood to determine the frequency of VEGF gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): -2578 A/C, -1498 C/T, -1154 A/G, -634 C/G and +936 C/T. Coefficient correlations between analyte levels and placental and neonatal weight were calculated. Results: NO plasma levels in umbilical vessels (artery and vein) were significantly higher in preeclampsia cases as compared to controls (4.67 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.90; 4.46 ± 3.0 vs. 0.82 ± 0.99 mmol/L, respectively, p=0.0001 both). ADMA levels displayed a similar increased trend in both fetal vessels, but this did not reach statistical significance (2.57 ± 1.03 vs. 2.34 ± 0.57; 2.74 ± 0.94 vs. 2.42 ± 0.59 mmol/L, respectively, p>0.05). VEGF was significantly lower in artery but not in vein in preeclampsia cases (200.48 ± 225.62 vs. 338.61 ± 287.03 pg/mL, p=0.04). A significant positive correlation was found between NO and ADMA levels (artery and vein) among preeclampsia cases. Overall, the frequency of the studied VEGF gene SNPs did not differ among preeclamptic cases and controls; nevertheless, a significant trend toward lower umbilical vein VEGF levels was observed in preeclampsia cases in the presence of -2578 CC and -1154 AG genotypes. Conclusion: Near term gestations complicated with severe preeclampsia presented higher NO levels in fetal circulation, which correlated to ADMA and lower artery VEGF values. More research is warranted to confirm that selected VEGF SNPs may be associated with lower umbilical vein VEGF.
Authors:
Peter Chedraui; Emilio J Solis; Guido Bocci; Santhosh Gopal; Eleonora Russo; Gustavo S Escobar; Luis Hidalgo; Faustino R Pérez-López; Andrea R Genazzani; Paolo Mannella; Tommaso Simoncini
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
High Risk Pregnancy Labor and Delivery Unit, Enrique C. Sotomayor Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital Guayaquil, Ecuador.
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