Document Detail

Fetal trans-apical stent delivery into the pulmonary artery: prospects for prenatal heart-valve implantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21741853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the technical feasibility of a fetal trans-apical stent delivery into the pulmonary artery using a novel hybrid-intervention technique as a possible route for prenatal minimally invasive heart-valve-implantation approaches. Methods: Pregnant Pre-Alp sheep between 122 and 128 days' gestation (n=3) underwent a midline laparotomy. The fetus was left in utero or partially externalized and its chest was opened via a left-sided minithoracotomy. The fetal heart was cannulated and a guide wire was introduced through the ductus arteriosus into the aorta. A 14-French delivery system was then mounted onto the guide wire and advanced to the landing zone in the pulmonary artery, where the stent was deployed. The position of the stent was confirmed using echocardiography, angiography as well as computed tomography. Results: The trans-apical implantation was successful in all animals. However, at necropsy in one animal, the stent was found to partly occlude one of the pulmonary valvular leaflets. Bleeding at the antero-apical incision occurred in all animals but could be managed without fetal demise. No fetal cardiopulmonary bypass was performed. In all animals, contrast angiography displayed normal perfusion of the pulmonary vasculature as well as the ductus arteriosus. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates the principal technical feasibility of a prenatal stent delivery into the pulmonary artery using a novel trans-apical hybrid-intervention technique. This approach demonstrates the first step towards possible future minimally invasive prenatal heart-valve-implantation procedures.
Benedikt Weber; Maximilian Y Emmert; Luc Behr; Chad Brokopp; Thomas Frauenfelder; Oliver Kretschmar; Volkmar Falk; Simon P Hoerstrup
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery and Department of Surgical Research, University Hospital of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
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