Document Detail


Fetal tissue engineering: in utero tracheal augmentation in an ovine model.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12077758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was aimed at comparing fetal tissue engineering with autologous free grafting in an ovine model of in utero tracheal repair. METHODS: Chondrocytes were isolated from both elastic and hyaline cartilage specimens harvested from fetal lambs and expanded in vitro. Cells were seeded dynamically onto biodegradable scaffolds, which then were maintained in a rotating bioreactor for 6 to 8 weeks. Constructs subsequently were implanted into fetal tracheas (n = 15), in a heterologous fashion (group I). In group II, fetuses (n = 5) received autologous free grafts of elastic cartilage harvested from the ear as tracheal implants. In vivo specimens were harvested for histologic analysis at different time-points postimplantation. RESULTS: In the 12 of 15 surviving fetuses of group I, all constructs were found to resemble normal hyaline cartilage, engraft well despite their heterologous origin, and display time-dependent epithelialization derived from the native trachea. All autologous free grafts were engrafted and epithelialized at birth, retaining histologic characteristics of elastic cartilage, but were more deformed than engineered constructs. Of the lambs allowed to reach term, 5 of 5 in the engineered group and 4 of 5 in the free graft group could breathe spontaneously. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Tissue-engineered cartilage, as well as autologous free grafts, can be implanted successfully into the fetal trachea, resulting in engraftment and function. (2) Engineered cartilage provides enhanced structural support after implantation into the fetal trachea when compared with free grafts. Prenatal tracheoplasty may prove useful for the treatment of severe congenital tracheal malformations.
Authors:
Julie R Fuchs; Shinichi Terada; Erin R Ochoa; Joseph P Vacanti; Dario O Fauza
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1531-5037     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2002 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-06-21     Completed Date:  2002-08-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1000-6; discussion 1000-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002, Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Harvard Center for Minimally Invasive Surgery, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cells, Cultured
Chondrocytes / cytology*,  transplantation*
Female
Graft Survival
Pregnancy
Sheep
Tissue Engineering / methods*
Trachea / embryology*,  surgery*,  transplantation

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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