Document Detail


Fetal therapy of severe symptomatic toxoplasmosis using azithromycin.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21450026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Severe symptomatic fetal toxoplasmosis rarely occurs after the maternal primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii. We herein report our experience of fetal therapy of symptomatic toxoplasmosis using azithromycin. Ultrasound assessment at 23 weeks' gestation revealed fetal ascites, cardiac effusion, cardiomegaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and thickened placenta. Serum Toxoplasma gondii antibody titer was ×81 920. Toxoplasma immunoglobulin M was 2.4 index (normal, <0.8 index), and immunoglobulin G was ≥240 IU/mL (normal, <6 IU/mL). Maternal oral administration of azithromycin in addition to sulfadoxine, pyrimethamine and acetylspiramycin was conducted. Spontaneous vaginal delivery occurred at 32 weeks and a male infant weighing 2036 g was born. Hepatosplenomegaly, chorioretinitis, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications, ascites, and meningitis were confirmed after birth. The infant underwent therapy with pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine. It seems imperative to establish a new drug choice for fetal therapy of severe symptomatic toxoplasmosis in order to reduce the maternal and fetal risks of drug side-effects.
Authors:
Shunsuke Tamaru; Akihiko Kikuchi; Kimiyo Takagi; Masao Wakamatsu; Tsuguhiro Horikoshi; Yoshifumi Ogiso
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1341-8076     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9612761     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynaecol Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research © 2011 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Affiliation:
Departments of Obstetrics, Center for Perinatal Medicine Division of Clinical Pathology, Nagano Children's Hospital, Nagano, Japan.
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