Document Detail

Fetal surgery for cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8331508     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We reviewed our experience with fetal therapy for congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung (CCAM) at the University of California, San Francisco Fetal Treatment Center. Fetuses with life-threatening CCAM were selected for prenatal treatment according to predetermined guidelines, including the gestational age of the fetus, the size of the intrathoracic lesion, maternal health, and the development of fetal hydrops. The knowledge that fetuses with hydrops are at high risk for fetal or neonatal death led to fetal surgical resection of the massively enlarged pulmonary lobe (fetal lobectomy) in six cases. In the first case, resection was too late, since preoperative labor and maternal preeclampsia could not be reversed, leading to premature delivery of a nonviable infant. In the next four cases, CCAM resection led to resolution of the hydrops, impressive in utero lung growth, and neonatal survival. Right middle and lower lobe resection in the sixth fetus at 21 weeks was successful, but subsequent inexplicable fetal death highlights the need for better postoperative fetal monitoring and treatment. Three other fetuses with a single predominant cyst underwent thoracoamniotic shunt placement alone; two survived after delivery and prompt neonatal surgery with the assistance of high-frequency ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. Fetal therapy can now be considered for otherwise fatal space-occupying intrathoracic lesions in the fetus.
N S Adzick; M R Harrison; A W Flake; L J Howell; M S Golbus; R A Filly
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric surgery     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0022-3468     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr. Surg.     Publication Date:  1993 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-17     Completed Date:  1993-08-17     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0052631     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  806-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Fetal Treatment Center, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine 94143-0570.
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MeSH Terms
Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation of Lung, Congenital / complications,  embryology*,  physiopathology,  surgery*
Fetal Diseases / physiopathology,  surgery*
Fetus / surgery*
Gestational Age
Hydrops Fetalis / etiology
Infant, Newborn

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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