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Fetal sheep left ventricle is more sensitive than right ventricle to progressively worsening hypoxemia and acidemia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23266204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: In a sheep model we tested the hypothesis that the fetal left ventricle is less tolerant to worsening acidemia than the right ventricle. STUDY DESIGN: At 106-124/145 days of gestation, 12 fetuses were instrumented. After a 4-day recovery, placental vascular resistance was increased by fetal angiotensin (AT) II infusion. After a 2h ATII infusion, to further deteriorate fetal oxygenation, maternal hypoxemia was induced. Fetal cardiac function and hemodynamics were assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and pulsed Doppler imaging. Ultrasonography was performed at baseline, at 1 and 2h after the beginning of ATII infusion and during the ATII+hypoxemia phase. RESULTS: Fetal pH and pO(2) decreased significantly and progressively during the experiment. Left ventricular TDI-derived isovolumic relaxation velocity (IVRV) was lower during ATII 2h and ATII+hypoxemia phases than at baseline. The IVRV deceleration was significantly less during the ATII+hypoxemia phase than at baseline. Right ventricular IVRV was significantly lower during the ATII+hypoxemia phase than at baseline. IVRV deceleration did not change. Only left ventricular IVRV deceleration correlated with fetal pO(2) (R=0.36, p<0.05). Fetal right and left ventricular cardiac outputs, as well as umbilical artery, aortic isthmus and ductus venosus pulsatility indices remained unchanged during the experiment. CONCLUSION: Our results show that signs of cardiac dysfunction develop earlier in the left ventricle than in the right ventricle. The fetal left ventricle seems to be more sensitive to progressively worsening hypoxemia and acidemia than the right ventricle.
Juulia Junno; Ella Bruun; Jorge H Gutierrez; Tiina Erkinaro; Mervi Haapsamo; Ganesh Acharya; Juha Räsänen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7654     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375672     Medline TA:  Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
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