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Fetal growth restriction: current knowledge to the general Obs/Gyn.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22526452     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a condition that affects 5-10 % of gestations, and it is the second primary cause of perinatal mortality. In this review the most recent knowledge about FGR is presented focusing on its concept, etiology, classification, diagnosis, management, and prognosis. METHODS: Searches were conducted in Pubmed, Embase and Lilacs database using the term fetal growth restriction. RESULTS: FGR is classified as type I (symmetric), manifested early, in which there is a proportional reduction of all fetal parts, generally associated with chromosome abnormalities; type II (asymmetric), with late onset, in which there is a more accentuated reduction of the abdomen, generally related to placental insufficiency; and type III (mixed), with early manifestation, resulting from infections or exposure to toxic agents. Diagnosis may be clinical, although ultrasound associated with arterial and venous Doppler is essential for diagnosis and follow-up. Currently there is no treatment capable of controlling FGR, and the moment of interruption of pregnancy is of vital importance in order to protect maternal and fetal interests. CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis of FGR is very important, because it permits the etiological identification and adequate monitoring of fetal vitality, minimizing the risks related to prematurity and intrauterine hypoxia.
Authors:
Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza; Edward Araujo Júnior; Maurício Mendes Barbosa; Ana Carolina Rabachini Caetano; Desireé Ji Re Lee; Antonio Fernandes Moron
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of gynecology and obstetrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0711     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710213     Medline TA:  Arch Gynecol Obstet     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Rua Lopes de Azevedo, 888, Jardim Guedala, São Paulo, SP, CEP 05603-001, Brazil, lunardozza@uol.com.br.
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