Document Detail

Fetal exposures and perinatal influences on the stool microbiota of premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25394613     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective: To test the hypothesis that maternal complications significantly affect gut colonization patterns in very low birth weight infants. Methods: 49 serial stool samples were obtained weekly from 9 extremely premature infants enrolled in a prospective longitudinal study. Sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene from stool samples was performed to approximate the intestinal microbiome. Linear mixed effects models were used to evaluate relationships between perinatal complications and intestinal microbiome development. Results: Subjects with prenatal exposure to a non-sterile intrauterine environment, i.e. PPPROM and chorioamnionitis exposure, were found to have a relatively higher abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria in the stool across all time points compared to subjects without those exposures, irrespective of exposure to postnatal antibiotics. Compared with those delivered by Caesarean section, vaginally delivered subjects were found to have significantly lower diversity of stool microbiota across all time points, with lower abundance of many genera, most in the family Enterobacteriaceae. Conclusions: We identified persistently increased potential pathogen abundance in the developing stool microbiota of subjects exposed to a non-sterile uterine environment. Maternal complications appear to significantly influence the diversity and bacterial composition of the stool microbiota of premature infants, with findings persisting over time.
Diana A Chernikova; Devin C Koestler; Anne Gatewood Hoen; Molly L Housman; Patricia L Hibberd; Jason H Moore; Hilary G Morrison; Mitchell L Sogin; Muhammad Zain Ul-Abideen; Juliette C Madan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-17     Citation Subset:  -    
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