Document Detail


Fetal exposure to involuntary maternal smoking and childhood respiratory disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8630716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Several studies have now gone beyond the effects of smoking during pregnancy to examine the effects of involuntary maternal smoke exposure on fetal development. A link has also been indicated between postnatal environmental smoke exposure and long-term respiratory problems in infants. OBJECTIVE: Our study examines whether an association exists between maternal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and childhood respiratory disorders. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was implemented utilizing a maternal questionnaire survey. The surveys were distributed throughout the county's health department and outlying clinic immunization sites. The county population is a diverse community of all racial and socioeconomic levels and includes a metropolitan population of approximately 300,000. The questionnaire comprised inquiries about the child's wheeze, acute respiratory illnesses, and maternal and paternal exposure to passive smoke and/or other environmental air pollutants. RESULTS: Chi-square and logistic regression analysis showed no statistically significant difference between passively smoke-exposed-in-utero subjects and non-smoke-exposed in-utero subjects on the outcomes of allergy and wheeze. Asthma, however, did show a statistically significant association to passive smoke exposure (chi2 = 12.4, P = .05 and Log reg = 8.7, P = .03). CONCLUSION: Passive maternal exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy is associated with increased incidence of asthma and supports other research findings that children born of mothers who are passively exposed to smoke during pregnancy are at risk for patterns of negative developmental outcomes.
Authors:
K Barber; E Mussin; D K Taylor
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  76     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-07-01     Completed Date:  1996-07-01     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  427-30     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Research, Hurley Medical Center, Flint, Michigan, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Fathers
Female
Humans
Male
Mothers
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Prevalence
Random Allocation
Respiratory Hypersensitivity / etiology*
Tobacco Smoke Pollution / adverse effects*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tobacco Smoke Pollution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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