Document Detail

Fetal and early postnatal life roots of asthma.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20925457     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The origins of asthma might be traced back to events occurring during fetal life. Reduced lung development has been shown to be a risk factor both for viral induced wheeze and allergic asthma. The evidence for a causal relationship between exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, chemical domestic products for cleaning, outdoor pollutants, and reduction in lung function is quite strong. Reduced maternal intake of vitamin E, vitamin D, and zinc, or increased use of paracetamol during pregnancy is associated with increased wheezing outcomes in children. The odds ratio for asthma onset is also increased in infants born from mothers with oligohydramnios, chorioamnionitis, hypertension, preeclampsia, diabetes and exposed to stressful events. The risk of developing allergic asthma is increased if the child is exposed in the first months of life to synthetic bedding and is enhanced by allergen exposure and an inadequate barrier function of the skin. In conclusion, several lines of evidence support the concept of fetal programming and very early life events in the development of the different phenotypes of asthma. Since some environmental triggers can be easily avoided and some protective factors can be easily implemented all efforts should be made to prevent intrauterine insults and early sensitization.
Giuseppina De Luca; Francesca Olivieri; Giulia Melotti; Giulia Aiello; Luigi Lubrano; Attilio L Boner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians     Volume:  23 Suppl 3     ISSN:  1476-4954     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Matern. Fetal. Neonatal. Med.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-07     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136916     Medline TA:  J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  80-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Paediatrics, Policlinico GB Rossi, University of Verona, Piazzale L. Scuro, Verona, Italy.
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