Document Detail

Fetal cerebral venous Doppler velocimetry in normal and high-risk pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15287051     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: In previous pilot studies, fetal vein of Galen (GV) blood velocity has been shown to be non-pulsatile in normal pregnancies. A pulsating pattern in high-risk pregnancies has been related to adverse outcome of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to establish reference ranges for fetal cerebral venous blood flow and compare them to the recordings in high-risk pregnancies in terms of predicting adverse perinatal outcome. METHODS: The GV, straight sinus (SS) and transverse sinus (TS) were located by color Doppler ultrasound in 189 normal pregnancies between 23 and 43 weeks of gestation. Recordings were also made in 102 pregnancies complicated by pregnancy-induced hypertension and/or intrauterine growth restriction. The following parameters were measured: peak systolic velocity, minimum diastolic velocity, time-averaged maximum velocity, pulsatility index for veins (PIV) and preload index (PLI). GV pulsations were noted. In high-risk pregnancies, Doppler measurements were correlated to pregnancy outcome, including emergency operative intervention and/or neonatal distress. Umbilical vein and umbilical, uterine and middle cerebral artery blood velocities were also recorded at the same time. RESULTS: In normal pregnancy, pulsating venous blood velocity was observed in GV in 8% of cases, in SS in 79% of cases and in TS in 100% of cases. GV and SS maximum velocity increased with gestational age and TS-PIV showed linear decreasing values and TS-PLI showed increasing values with gestational age. In high-risk pregnancies, pulsating blood velocity in the GV was found in 59 (58%) cases and was related to adverse outcome of pregnancy including mortality. Abnormal values for TS-PIV and PLI and SS maximum velocity were found in nine, six and five cases, respectively and were only related to perinatal mortality. GV pulsations were more frequent than umbilical venous pulsations. CONCLUSIONS: Of the fetal cerebral veins studied, the presence of pulsations in the GV seems to be the best predictor of adverse outcome of high-risk pregnancy. Pulsations in the GV are more frequent than in the umbilical vein and might therefore appear earlier during worsening fetal condition, and thus be of potential value for fetal surveillance in high-risk pregnancies.
R Cheema; M Dubiel; G Breborowicz; S Gudmundsson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0960-7692     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-08-02     Completed Date:  2004-09-21     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9108340     Medline TA:  Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  147-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 ISUOG
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital MAS, Malmö, Sweden.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Flow Velocity
Cerebral Veins / physiology,  ultrasonography*
Pregnancy Outcome
Pregnancy, High-Risk / physiology*
Pulsatile Flow
Reference Values
Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*

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