Document Detail


Fetal breathing and sleep state responses to graded carboxyhemoglobinemia in sheep.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3209555     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To investigate CO effects on brain oxygenation, graded carboxyhemoglobinemia (HbCO) was produced in nine unanesthetized fetal sheep by infusing CO-laden erythrocytes in exchange for fetal blood. For the 1st h after this procedure, the mean fetal carboxyhemoglobin levels were 16.5 +/- 0.4% [control (C) = 1.4 +/- 0.4%] for mild HbCO, 22.7 +/- 0.6% (C = 1.8 +/- 0.4%) for moderate HbCO, and 27.8 +/- 0.5% (C = 2.1 +/- 0.7%) for severe HbCO. This induction of HbCO significantly reduced mean preductal arterial PO2 values to 4.3 Torr below control for mild HbCO, 4.6 Torr below control for moderate HbCO, and 5.5 Torr below control for severe HbCO. The respective arterial O2 contents were decreased by 17, 21, and 29%. Mean arterial pH was lowered only during severe HbCO, and arterial PCO2 values were unchanged. HbCO produced a fetal tachycardia. Mean arterial blood pressure was only increased during severe HbCO. The incidences of rapid eye movements and breathing activity were decreased by HbCO in a dose-dependent manner. When related to calculated brain tissue PO2, these decreases were similar to those measured during hypoxic hypoxia and anemia, suggesting that carboxyhemoglobin effects result solely from diminished oxygenation. It is concluded that 1) the peripheral arterial chemoreceptors in the fetus apparently have little effect on hypoxic inhibition of breathing and 2) the carboxyhemoglobin concentrations required to inhibit fetal breathing are greater than those likely to be encountered clinically.
Authors:
B J Koos; K Matsuda; G G Power
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  65     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-02-16     Completed Date:  1989-02-16     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2118-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Physiology, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, California 92350.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Brain / metabolism
Carbon Monoxide / metabolism
Carboxyhemoglobin / metabolism*
Female
Fetal Hypoxia / physiopathology
Fetus / physiology*
Oxygen / metabolism
Pregnancy
Respiration*
Sheep
Sleep Stages / physiology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD-18478/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen; 9061-29-4/Carboxyhemoglobin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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