Document Detail

Fetal body composition.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16205461     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to highlight recent developments in the evaluation of fetal growth, focusing on the determination of fetal body composition. The ultimate goal of this area of investigation is to improve predictions of perinatal morbidity and mortality beyond that achieved employing estimated fetal weight as the primary discriminator of the risk associated with abnormal fetal growth. RECENT FINDINGS: Several validated techniques have emerged which appear capable of quantifying fetal lean body mass and fat mass. Preliminary investigations suggest that these body composition parameters do distinguish, with a higher degree of precision than estimates of fetal weight alone, clinical influences that contribute to abnormal fetal growth. Studies linking estimates of fetal body composition to improved prediction of perinatal morbidity and mortality are currently limited. SUMMARY: Quantitative estimates of fetal body composition can currently be achieved with recently developed and validated ultrasound tools. Their utility for the improved prediction of perinatal morbidity and mortality has not yet been rigorously examined.
Ira Bernstein
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current opinion in clinical nutrition and metabolic care     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1363-1950     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-05     Completed Date:  2006-01-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9804399     Medline TA:  Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  613-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Vermont College of Medicine and Women's Health Care Service, Fletcher Allen Health Care, Burlington, VT 05401-1435, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Body Composition / physiology*
Fetal Development
Fetal Macrosomia / diagnosis
Fetus / metabolism,  physiology*
Infant Mortality*
Infant, Newborn / growth & development*,  physiology
Ultrasonography, Prenatal*

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