Document Detail

Fetal blood saturation during the 1st and 2nd stage of labor and its relation to the neonatal outcome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12571438     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate fetal blood oxygenation (SpO(2)) by means of continuous pulse oximetry during labor and its relation to the neonatal outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fetal SpO(2) was measured continuously during labor with a noninvasive pulse oximetry for fetal application. The average, minimum and maximum SpO(2) levels were evaluated separately for the 1st and 2nd stage of labor. The average SpO(2) of the fetus was compared to the neonatal outcome assessed by the levels of pH, pO(2) and pCO(2) in the fetus' umbilical blood and to the Apgar score. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients were monitored by fetal pulse oximetry. All the patients had normal, vaginal delivery. During the 1st stage of labor, the average fetal SpO(2) was 51.78 +/- 8.00%, the minimum SpO(2) level was 37.61 +/- 9.86%, and the maximum level of SpO(2) was 63.82 +/- 7.37%; in the 2nd stage of labor, the average SpO(2) level was 44.91 +/- 8.28%, the minimum level was 35.00 +/- 9.22%, and the maximum SpO(2) was 52.30 +/- 9.36%. A significant decrease in the fetal average and maximum SpO(2) levels was observed between the 1st and the 2nd stages of labor (the average SpO(2) was 51.78 +/- 8.00% vs. 44.91 +/- 8.28%, p = 0.00029; the maximum SpO(2) was 63.82 +/- 7.37% vs. 52.30 +/- 9.36%, p < 0.00001). A significant correlation between the average SpO(2) level during the 1st and 2nd stage of labor and the Apgar score at the first minute of outcome was observed (R = 0.43, p = 0.031). No relationship between the fetal SpO(2) during the 1st and the 2nd stage of labor and the pH, pCO(2), and pO(2) in the fetal umbilical blood were observed. CONCLUSIONS: During the 2nd stage of labor, a significant decrease in the fetus' SpO(2) can be observed. The fetus' SpO(2) level >30% in the 1st and 2nd stage of labor was related to the good neonatal outcome. The assessment of the fetal SpO(2) during the 1st stage of labor seems to be important in predicting neonatal outcome.
Bozena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak; Elzbieta Poniedziałek-Czajkowska; Jan Oleszczuk
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gynecologic and obstetric investigation     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0378-7346     ISO Abbreviation:  Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-06     Completed Date:  2003-05-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7900587     Medline TA:  Gynecol Obstet Invest     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  159-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, University Medical School of Lublin, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Anoxia / prevention & control
Apgar Score
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Fetal Blood / metabolism
Fetal Monitoring / methods*
Fetus / metabolism*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Infant, Newborn
Labor Stage, First / physiology
Labor Stage, Second / physiology
Oximetry / methods*
Oxygen / blood*
Predictive Value of Tests
Pregnancy Outcome
Prenatal Diagnosis / standards*
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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