Document Detail

Fetal aorta wall inflammation in ultrasound-detected aortic intima/media thickness and growth retardation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21742382     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Several studies have reported that fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and infants with low birth weight present increased intima/media thickness (aIMT) of the abdominal aorta wall compared with fetuses and infants appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Evidence suggested that aIMT might be related to inflammation, probably indicating a very early stage of future adulthood disease, such as atherosclerosis. We aimed to investigate histological findings in the abdominal aorta wall of one IUGR stillbirth in which ultrasound had detected aIMT. Microscopy observations of the abdominal aorta wall confirmed the intima thickening and detected condensation of the elastic fibers forming an evident internal elastic membrane and presence of inflammatory elements, such as macrophages, activated endothelial cells, and fibroblastoid cells. The present study highlights that IUGR associated with aIMT is related to inflammation, which might represent a very early sign of future adult lesions.
Vincenza Rita Lo Vasco; Roberto Salmaso; Vincenzo Zanardo; Rita Businaro; Silvia Visentin; Daniele Trevisanuto; Erich Cosmi
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of reproductive immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7603     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8001906     Medline TA:  J Reprod Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Sensitive Organs, Policlinic Umberto I, Sapienza University, Rome, Italy.
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