Document Detail

Fetal alcohol syndrome: a growing concern for health care professionals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12685673     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To provide an integrated review of the literature on fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol effects (FAE), focusing on the definition of FAS/FAE, their incidence and related problems, gestational research findings, FAS symptoms, the effects of prenatal alcohol consumption on offspring over time, and FAS/FAE preventive measures. DATA SOURCES: Computerized searches of MEDLINE and Web sites, as well as reference lists from published articles on FAS/FAE from 1973 to present. STUDY SELECTION: Literature was chosen from refereed journals and from current publications of the National Organization of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted using keywords relevant to FAS and FAS prevention. DATA SYNTHESIS: The consumption of alcohol during pregnancy can harm the fetus irreparably. Preventive measures can be helpful in decreasing or stopping the use of alcohol during pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol is a definite teratogen. The amount of alcohol, if any, that can be safely consumed during pregnancy, the exact physiological mechanisms that make alcohol unsafe for the fetus, and the most effective prevention measures have yet to be identified. FAS/FAE is still increasing in the United States.
Larry W Eustace; Duck-Hee Kang; David Coombs
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0884-2175     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    2003 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-10     Completed Date:  2003-05-02     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  215-21     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Division of Nursing, University of Arkansas-Monticello, 71656, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Alcoholism / prevention & control
Embryonic and Fetal Development / drug effects*
Ethanol / adverse effects
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome* / epidemiology,  nursing,  prevention & control
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Behavior / psychology
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects*
Professional-Patient Relations
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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