Document Detail

Fetal origin of the posterior cerebral artery produces left-right asymmetry on perfusion imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19875474     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Fetal origin of the PCA is a common anatomic variation of the circle of Willis. On perfusion imaging, patients with unilateral fetal-type PCA may demonstrate left-right asymmetry that could mimic cerebrovascular disease. The aim of this study was to characterize the relationship between a fetal-type PCA and asymmetry of hemodynamic parameters derived from MR perfusion imaging.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed MR perfusion studies of 36 patients to determine the relationship between hemodynamic and vascular asymmetries in the PCA territory. Perfusion asymmetry indices for the PCA territory were computed from maps of rCBF, rCBV, MTT, T(max), and FMT. Vascular asymmetry indices were derived from calibers of the PCA-P1 segments relative to the posterior communicating arteries.
RESULTS: Asymmetrically smaller values of FMT and T(max) were observed with unilateral fetal-type PCA, and these were strongly correlated with the degree of vascular asymmetry (Spearman's rho = 0.76 and 0.74, respectively, P < 1 x 10(-6)). Asymmetries of rCBF, MTT, and rCBV were neither significant nor related to vascular asymmetry.
CONCLUSIONS: Faster perfusion transit times are seen for parameters sensitive to macrovascular transit effects (eg, FMT and T(max)) ipsilateral to fetal origin of the PCA in proportion to the degree of arterial asymmetry. Knowledge of this normal variation is critical in the interpretation of perfusion studies because asymmetry could mimic cerebrovascular pathology.
A L Wentland; H A Rowley; K K Vigen; A S Field
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2009-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-16     Completed Date:  2010-06-10     Revised Date:  2014-11-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  448-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Brain / blood supply
Brain Mapping
Cerebrovascular Circulation*
Circle of Willis / anatomy & histology*
Functional Laterality*
Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*,  standards
Middle Aged
Posterior Cerebral Artery / anatomy & histology*
Reference Values
Retrospective Studies
Young Adult
Grant Support
5 R01 EB007021-04/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB007021/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB007021-01/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB007021-02/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB007021-03/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS; R01 EB007021-04/EB/NIBIB NIH HHS

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