Document Detail


Fetal and Neonatal Outcomes in Women Reporting Ingestion of Licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis) during Pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23299757     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Maternal intake of licorice from dietary sources has been associated with adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. We prospectively studied the outcome of 185 singleton pregnancies who took over-the-counter or naturopathic formulations containing licorice during their pregnancy, and 370 age-matched singleton pregnant controls that were not exposed to any potential teratogen. The indication in 56.8 % of the women taking licorice was for cough and cold control, with the maximum dose of 2104 mg/day and exposure occurring between the 4th day and 25th week of gestation. The rate of stillbirths was marginally higher among women who took licorice than those who did not (OR = 7.9; 95 % CI 0.9-71.5; p = 0.048), and significantly higher when compared to the general population in the Republic of Korea (OR = 13.3; 95 % CI 4.9-35.8; p < 0.001). Other fetal outcomes assessed in the study were similar between the two study groups, e.g., the OR of major malformations was 3.9 (95 % CI 0.4-43.5; p = 0.27). In conclusion, the present study suggests that licorice is not a major teratogen. However, whether licorice may increase the risk of stillbirths requires careful consideration in further studies with a larger sample size.
Authors:
June-Seek Choi; Jung-Yeol Han; Hyun-Kyong Ahn; Hyun-Mee Ryu; Moon-Young Kim; Jin-Hoon Chung; Alejandro A Nava-Ocampo; Gideon Koren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Planta medica     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-0221     ISO Abbreviation:  Planta Med.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066751     Medline TA:  Planta Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Korean Motherisk Program, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Cheil General Hospital & Women's Healthcare Centre, Kwandong University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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