Document Detail


Fetal Face: The Whole Picture.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23070931     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The fetal face is an essential source of information. Its evaluation makes it possible to diagnose several fetal diseases and syndromes. Three-dimensional ultrasound and four-dimensional ultrasound facilitate the evaluation of superficial anatomical facial structures and have become essential complementary tools to two-dimensional ultrasound, providing additional and more precise information about the presence and severity of facial defects. This article reviews the normal facial development essential to understand the pathogenesis of facial malformations as well as the assessment of a normal and dysmorphic face with two-dimensional, three-dimensional and four-dimensional ultrasound and discusses the clinical implications of detecting facial anomalies in the prenatal period.
Authors:
C Andresen; A Matias; E Merz
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1438-8782     ISO Abbreviation:  Ultraschall Med     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8303585     Medline TA:  Ultraschall Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  431-440     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hospital of S. Joao, Porto Medical Faculty.
Vernacular Title:
Das fetale Gesicht: das Gesamtbild.
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