Document Detail


Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: neuropsychological and behavioral features.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21503685     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can cause alterations to the developing brain. The resulting neurobehavioral deficits seen following this exposure are wide-ranging and potentially devastating and, therefore, are of significant concern to individuals, families, communities, and society. These effects occur on a continuum, and qualitatively similar neuropsychological and behavioral features are seen across the spectrum of effect. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) has been used to emphasize the continuous nature of the outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure, with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) representing one point on the spectrum. This paper will provide a comprehensive review of the neuropsychological and behavioral effects of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure, including a discussion of the emerging neurobehavioral profile. Supporting studies of lower levels of exposure, brain-behavior associations, and animal model systems will be included when appropriate.
Authors:
Sarah N Mattson; Nicole Crocker; Tanya T Nguyen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2011-04-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychology review     Volume:  21     ISSN:  1573-6660     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychol Rev     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-23     Completed Date:  2011-09-19     Revised Date:  2013-06-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9009029     Medline TA:  Neuropsychol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-101     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Center for Behavioral Teratology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA. smattson@sunstroke.sdsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / etiology
Behavioral Symptoms / etiology*
Cognition Disorders / etiology*
Developmental Disabilities / etiology*,  psychology
Educational Status
Executive Function / physiology
Female
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome / diagnosis,  physiopathology*,  psychology*
Humans
Intelligence
Language
Learning
Male
Motor Activity
Neuropsychological Tests
Pregnancy
Psychomotor Performance
Visual Perception / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F31 AA020142/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; F31 AA020142./AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA010417/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA010417/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA019605/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA019605/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA019605-01A1/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; R01 AA019605-02/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; T32 AA013525/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; T32 AA013525/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; U01 AA014834/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; U01 AA014834/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS; U01 AA014834-07/AA/NIAAA NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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