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Ferulic acid prevents the cerebral ischemic injury-induced decreases of astrocytic phosphoprotein PEA-15 and its two phosphorylated forms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22306184     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Ferulic acid protects neuronal cells against focal cerebral ischemic injury through its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. Phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes 15 (PEA-15) is known to modulate various cellular processes including cell proliferation, apoptosis, and survival. This study was investigated whether ferulic acid can regulate the levels of PEA-15 and its two phosphorylated forms (Ser 104 and Ser 116) in a cerebral ischemic injury model and in neuronal cells exposed to glutamate. A middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed to induce focal cerebral ischemic injury. Adult male rats were immediately treated with vehicle or ferulic acid (100mg/kg) at the beginning of the MCAO, and then cerebral cortices were collected 24h after MCAO. The decrease in PEA-15 level after ischemic injury was detected using a proteomic approach. Ferulic acid administration prevented the ischemic injury-induced decrease of PEA-15 level. Moreover, Western blot analysis clearly confirmed that ferulic acid attenuates the ischemic injury-induced decreases in PEA-15, phospho-PEA-15 (Ser 104), and phospho-PEA-15 (Ser 116) levels. Glutamate exposure induced significant reductions in the levels of PEA-15 and the two phospho-PEA-15 (Ser 104 and Ser 116) in cultured hippocampal neuron, while pretreatment with ferulic acid prevented the glutamate toxicity-induced decreases in these proteins levels. The decrease of phospho-PEA-15 protein level indicates that the anti-apoptotic function of PEA-15 was being inhibited. Thus, these results suggest that ferulic acid protects neuronal cells against ischemic injury by maintenance of phospho-PEA-15 protein levels.
Phil-Ok Koh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7972     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600130     Medline TA:  Neurosci Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
Department of Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute of Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea.
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