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Ferulic acid prevents the cerebral ischemic injury-induced decrease of Akt and Bad phosphorylation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22200499     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Ferulic acid protects neuronal cells from glutamate-induced excitotoxicity and focal cerebral ischemia. This study investigated whether ferulic acid exerts a neuroprotective effect through the activation of Akt and its downstream targets, Bad and 14-3-3. Adult male rats were immediately treated with ferulic acid (100mg/kg, i.v.) after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Brains were collected 24h after MCAO and infarct volumes were analyzed using triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. It was found that ferulic acid treatment significantly reduced infarct volume during MCAO. Ferulic acid attenuated the MCAO injury-induced decrease of phospho-PDK1, phospho-Akt and phospho-Bad levels. However, ferulic acid did not affect the expression of 14-3-3 and Bcl-xL, which exerts an anti-apoptotic effect through interaction with phospho-Bad. Immunoprecipitation analysis demonstrated that the interaction between phospho-Bad and 14-3-3 decreased during MCAO, whereas ferulic acid prevented the injury-induced decrease in these interaction levels. Moreover, ferulic acid prevented the injury-induced increase in cleaved caspase-3 levels. These findings suggest that ferulic acid attenuates cell death during MCAO and that these protective effects are due to inhibition of Akt signaling pathway inactivation and maintenance of the interaction between phospho-Bad and 14-3-3.
Authors:
Phil-Ok Koh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuroscience letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7972     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600130     Medline TA:  Neurosci Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute of Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, South Korea.
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