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Fertilization and development of Caprine oocytes matured over granulosa cell monolayers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11295399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim of the present study was to compare the two oocyte maturation systems, i.e. a granulosa cell (GC) monolayer from small (<4mm) or large (>4mm) follicles and a granulosa co-culture for their effects on in vitro maturation (IVM), fertilization and developmental competence of caprine oocytes. A total of 1945 oocytes were used for studies on maturation, fertilization and embryo development. Monolayers were primed with maturation medium, 18-24h before the onset of maturation. Nuclear studies of 263 fertilized oocytes, 18h post-fertilization, revealed that the rate of sperm penetration was not affected by any of the maturation culture systems. Penetration rate was 66.30% versus 69.59% for the control and GC monolayers. On the other hand, progression of fertilization, i.e. sperm head decondensation (32.70% versus 9.78%) and pronucleus formation (8.76% versus 2.17%) were significantly (P<0.05) enhanced in the oocytes matured over GC monolayers, compared to those with GC co-culture respectively. Cleavage rate was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the oocytes matured and cultured over GC monolayers (27.59%) compared to those in oocytes matured and cultured with the GC co-culture (19.28%). Proportionately more embryos derived from oocytes matured and cultured with the GC co-culture blocked (16.53 and 25.92%) at early developmental stages (2-cell and 4-cell, respectively), compared to those derived from oocytes matured and cultured over GC monolayers (7.61% versus 10.56%; 2-cell versus 4-cell). It was concluded that GC monolayers better support cytoplasmic maturation of growing caprine oocytes, which is evident by a better maturation rate, active fertilization, an improved cleavage rate and subsequently a higher rate of morula formation. Granulosa cells from small and large follicles can be used for IVM and IVC with approximately the same efficiency after conditioning them with maturation medium and embryo development medium 18-24h before the onset of culture.
Authors:
A Teotia; G T. Sharma; A C. Majumdar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Small ruminant research : the journal of the International Goat Association     Volume:  40     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Small Rumin. Res.     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-Apr-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9885624     Medline TA:  Small Rumin Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  165-177     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Reproductive Physiology Laboratory, Physiology and Climatology Division, Indian Veterinary Institute, 243122, U.P., Izatnzgar, India
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