Document Detail

Fertility and contraceptive issues after kidney transplantation in women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15251344     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate reproductive performance among kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 126 kidney transplanted women 15 to 68 years of age including 33 who were single and 93 who were married. RESULTS: Infertility was seen in 10.4% of those who desired pregnancy, a rate similar to the general population. The most common method of contraception was coitus interruptus (56%), 22% of patients had tubal ligation, 6% had husbands who had vasectomies, 14% were using condoms, and only 2% used oral contraceptives. Among 33 pregnancies, 16 were unintended (48.5%). Most of the patients with unwanted pregnancy were using coitus interruptus (93.7%). In the group with unintended pregnancy, abortion was induced in three, spontaneous abortion or intrauterine fetal death occurred in six, and only seven pregnancies resulted in a live birth (43.7%). CONCLUSION: Kidney transplantation greatly improves fertility, so those who do not desire pregnancy should be protected by an effective method of contraception.
M Lessan-Pezeshki; S Ghazizadeh; M R Khatami; M Mahdavi; E Razeghi; S Seifi; F Ahmadi; S Maziar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transplantation proceedings     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0041-1345     ISO Abbreviation:  Transplant. Proc.     Publication Date:  2004 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-14     Completed Date:  2005-03-07     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243532     Medline TA:  Transplant Proc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1405-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2004 Elsevier Inc.
Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Coitus Interruptus
Contraception / methods
Fertility / physiology*
Infertility, Female / epidemiology*
Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects,  physiology*
Middle Aged
Sterilization, Tubal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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